Glossary - Totally Stitchin

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pleather

October 2, 2010 in Glossary

A faux leather commonly made from a blend of cotton and polyurethane, which allows it to breathe and withstand dry cleaning. Available in a variety of textures, colors and weights.
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koskin

September 25, 2010 in Glossary

The Swedish word for "cow's skin". But, it's not real leather, it's a faux leather that looks and feels like real leather. It's commonly used for CD and laptop cases.
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underlay stitches

September 18, 2010 in Glossary

Stitches in a design that are put down before the design stitches; used to stabilize the fabric or raise the design so that the fine detailing is not lost.
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lockstitch

September 11, 2010 in Glossary

The name used for a stitch that is formed with a needle and bobbin thread. The needle thread is interlocked with the bobbin thread to form a stitch. On apparel sewing applications other than embroidery, a well-balanced lockstitch will use the same amount of needle thread as bobbin thread. On embroidery applications, this is not true because you never want to ...
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puckering

September 4, 2010 in Glossary

Result of the fabric being gathered by the stitches. Causes include incorrect density, loose hooping, insufficient backing, or incorrect thread tensions.
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push and pull compensation

August 28, 2010 in Glossary

 A degree of distortion built into a design by the digitizer to compensate for the push or pull on the fabric caused by the embroidery stitches. This can help prevent a digitized circle from looking like an egg shape when sewn out. Generally, it is necessary to extend horizontal elements and reduce vertical elements.
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registration

August 21, 2010 in Glossary

Correct registration is achieved when all stitches and design elements line up correctly. Poor registration can occur when the product being embroidered had not been hooped properly, improper digitizing, and excessive flagging.
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darning

August 14, 2010 in Glossary

The weaving of thread or yarn across a hole in a piece of fabric to fill and conceal the hole. You can also darn across a thin or worn area of fabric to strengthen it, to prevent a hole from forming, and to close a fabric tear. The editors of SINGER Worldwide. Mending and Repari, 2007, page 24.
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flagging

August 14, 2010 in Glossary

The up and down motion of the material with the needle that is caused by improper hooping, the presser foot not being properly adjusted (too much clearance with needle plate), and improper fabric stabilization (incorrect backing). Named because of its resemblance to a waving flag. Flagging generally causes improper needle loop formation that can lead to skipped stitches and thread ...
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tussah

August 7, 2010 in Glossary

Produced from cocoons of wild tussah silkworms that eat oak and juniper leaves. It's most commonly available in its natural color (a creamy tan) becuase it's difficult to dye. Tussah works well for travel garments because it's wrinkle resistant. Barnabee, Sue. Creative Machine Embroidery, July/August, 2010, page 18.